Growth and characterization of TiAlN/CrAlN superlattices prepared by reactive direct current magnetron sputtering

Barshilia, Harish C and Deepthi, B and Rajam, KS and Kanwal Preet, Bhatti and Chaudhary, Sujeet (2009) Growth and characterization of TiAlN/CrAlN superlattices prepared by reactive direct current magnetron sputtering. Journal of Vacuum Science andTechnology A, 27 (1). pp. 29-36. ISSN 0022-5355

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TiAlN and CrAlN coatings were prepared using a reactive direct current magnetron sputtering system from TiAl and CrAl targets. Structural characterization of the coatings using x-ray diffraction XRD revealed the B1 NaCl structure of TiAlN and CrAlN coatings with a prominent reflection along the �111� plane. The XPS data confirmed the bonding structures of TiAlN and CrAlN single layer coatings. Subsequently, nanolayered multilayer coatings of TiAlN/CrAlN were deposited on silicon and mild steel MS substrates at different modulation wavelengths with a total thickness of approximately 1.0 m. The modulation wavelengths were calculated from the x-ray reflectivity data using modified Bragg’s law. TiAlN/CrAlN multilayer coatings were textured along 111 for 200 Å and the XRD patterns showed the formation of superlattice structure for coatings deposited at =102 Å. The x-ray reflectivity data showed reflections of fifth and seventh orders for multilayer coatings deposited at �=102 and 138 Å, respectively, indicating the formation of sharp interfaces between TiAlN and CrAlN layers. The cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy image of TiAlN/CrAlN multilayer coatings indicated a noncolumnar and dense microstructure. A maximum hardness of 39 GPa was observed for TiAlN/CrAlN multilayer coatings deposited at �=93 Å, which was higher than the rule-of-mixture value 30 GPa for TiAlN and CrAlN. Study of thermal stability of the coatings in air using micro-Raman spectroscopy indicated that the TiAlN/CrAlN multilayer coatings were stable up to 900 °C in air. TiAlN/CrAlN multilayer coatings also exhibited improved corrosion resistance when compared to the MS substrate.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
Depositing User: Mr N Selvakumar
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2011 05:21
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2011 05:21

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