Signal processing, wavelets and high-speed image interpretation of bird impact

Karthikeyan, K and Ramachandra, S and Vizhian, Paul S and Chandra, Satish (2011) Signal processing, wavelets and high-speed image interpretation of bird impact. Defence Science Journal, 61 (1). pp. 62-71. ISSN 0011-748X

[img] PDF

Download (1MB)
[img] Indexer Terms (Generate index codes conversion from application/pdf to indexcodes)

Download (8kB)


Bird impact on aircraft has been well documented and has been of interest for researchers in aircraft design. The process, though of very short duration, is complex in nature. A bird, which can be treated as a soft body behaves more like a fluid at high-speeds. When aircraft components become targets of bird strikes, the impact can have consequences for safety, and hence the study of the phenomena has engineering implications. In this paper, strain signals from a specially instrumented stiff fixture, high-speed imaging and wavelets are used to describe the nature of the phenomenon. Gelatin-based artificial birds were impacted on the fixture fired through an air gun at two different velocities. high-speed imaging showed different behaviours with a rebound at low-velocity (~50 m/s) and a flow behaviour at high-velocity (~100 m/s). High sampling data acquisition was used to measure the dynamic strain exerted on the fixture during bird impact. Time histories of strain signals obtained in the raw form were processed to get a Fourier spectrum and continuous wavelet transform to gain more information about different frequency patterns and the temporal distribution of the frequencies, when such impacts occurred. The frequency content for low-velocity and high-velocity impacts is characterised. It can be noted that the behaviour as described by earlier researchers was seen here as well at higher velocities, though at lower velocities, the bird behaved more like a solid. Many aircraft have approach speeds that are about 60 m/s rather than 100-200 m/s, making it important to study behaviour at lower velocities as well. The short time interval events identified in the signals provide insight into the nature of the loads on targets. This information can aid in tuning simulation models of the birds which use Lagrangian, Eulerian and smooth particle hydrodynamic models.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bird impact;Image processing;Signal processing; Wavelets;Simulation modules
Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
ENGINEERING > Structural Mechanics
Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2011 11:10
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2011 11:10

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item