Electrospinning of alumina nanofibers using different precursors

Panda, PK and Ramakrishna, S (2007) Electrospinning of alumina nanofibers using different precursors. Journal of Materials Science, 42. pp. 2189-2193.

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Electrospinning technique is becoming increasingly13; popular for the preparation of nanofibers [1x2013;5]. The13; process involves the application of a strong electrostatic13; field to a capillary connected with a reservoir13; containing a polymer solution or melt. Under the13; influence of the electrostatic field, a pendant droplet of13; the polymer solution at the capillary tip is deformed13; into a conical shape (Taylor cone). If the voltage surpasses13; a threshold value, electrostatic forces overcome13; the surface tension, and a fine charged jet is ejected.13; The jet moves towards a ground plate, which acts as a13; counter electrode. The solvent begins to evaporate13; immediately after the jet is formed. The result is the13; deposition of nanofibers on a substrate located above13; the counter electrode. Initially, this technique was used13; for the preparation of polymer nanofibers [6x2013;9]. In13; recent years; this technique has been used for the13; preparation of metal oxide/ceramic nanofibers such as13; silica, zirconia, titania, nickel oxide, barium titanate,13; lead zirconate titanate and other oxide materials [10x2013;13; 30]. The nanofibers formed could be aligned (parallel13; and cross patterns) when an insulated cylinder attached13; to the axel of a DC motor is used as the substrate [31].13; Xia et al. [32] prepared polymeric and ceramic nanofibers13; as axially aligned arrays by the use of a collector13; consisting of two pieces of electrically conductive13; substrate separated by a gap. Katta et al. used copper13; wires spaced evenly in the form of a circular drum as a13; collector of the electro spun nanofibers

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Springer Science
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alumina nanofibers;Electrospinning
Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Composite Materials
CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2009
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2010 08:58
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/5000

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