Effect of offshore troughs on the South India erratic summer monsoon rainfall in June 2017

Konduru, RT and Mrudula, G (2021) Effect of offshore troughs on the South India erratic summer monsoon rainfall in June 2017. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 93. ISSN 03770265

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/...

Abstract

The onset and advance of southwest monsoon are accompanied by the appearance of the offshore trough along the southwest coast of India. This offshore trough escorts a deluge of rainfall to the southwest coast, and sometimes rainfall band moves eastward further into south India. These broad observations were noticed during the summer monsoon of June 2017. Meteorological agencies and media had reported a huge amount of rainfall over the southwest coast of India during the month. But, in the far interior of south India, rainfall was less. Due to the less rainfall, water resources depleted, which affected local farmers and common man of south India. The confused views of the common man on southwest coast rainfall could be due to lack of understanding related to various factors affecting rainfall over the same region. This article is an endeavor to address the preliminary understanding of the southwest coast rainfall during June 2017, with more stress on offshore troughs. The study begins with area-averaged rainfall statistics over south, southwest, and southeast India by employing satellite and rain gauge merged rainfall datasets. Area averaged analysis revealed offshore trough contributed 80 % of rainfall over the South West India, 68 % over South East India, contributing to an overall 75 % over south India in 2017. To identify offshore trough position and strength in the reanalysis and model simulations, a new method called VSV (Vertical Shear of Vorticity) method was introduced. The computed offshore troughs were categorized into Active, Normal, and Feeble based on the strength of meridional gradient of mean sea level pressure and 850 hPa horizontal winds. The contribution due to each category of the offshore trough over different sub-regions was investigated to find out the effect of the offshore trough to total rainfall. Dynamic and thermodynamic features of these categories of the offshore trough were investigated by using proxies like equivalent potential temperature and moisture flux convergence. We found that during active offshore trough an eastward propagation of rain bands persists, which was explained by using moisture flux convergence and equivalent potential temperature at different levels of the atmosphere.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Equivalent potential temperature, Moisture flux convergence, Offshore trough, Rainfall, Summer monsoon
Subjects: GEOSCIENCES > Geosciences (General)
GEOSCIENCES > Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: Smt Bhagya Rekha KA
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2022 16:03
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 16:03
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/13755

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