Co-fired anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell for internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuel.

Senthil Kumar, S and Jayarama, V and Aruna, ST (2020) Co-fired anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell for internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuel. Energy, Ecology and Environment, 6. pp. 55-68. ISSN 23637692

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Abstract

Hydrocarbon-based solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is being projected as one of the possible alternatives to conventional internal combustion engines. However, the conventional Ni–YSZ anode is prone to carburization in the presence of hydrocarbon fuels. In the present study, an optimized Ni–Cu-based anode composition (Ni0.9–Cu0.1–YSZ0.95–GDC0.05) has been evolved based on accelerated carburization studies and phase analysis by X-ray diffractometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The electrochemical parameters have been derived for the optimized anode composition, and its exchange current density is estimated to be 76.3 mA cm−2 at 780 °C. The main advantage of the optimized anode is its suitability for co-firing with the electrolyte. Using the optimized anode composition, anode-supported SOFC single cells (ASCs) have been fabricated and their electrical and electrochemical performances have been evaluated and compared with conventional ASC. The anode-supported co-cast SOFC with the optimized anode composition exhibits a power density of 436 mW cm−2 at 850 °C and 0.5 V with methane as fuel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrocarbon fuel, Solid oxide fuel cell
Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Composite Materials
Depositing User: Mrs. Usha Kumari
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 09:15
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 09:16
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/13486

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