Broadband quasi-omnidirectional sub-wavelength nanoporous antireflecting surfaces on glass substrate for solar energy harvesting applications

Kumar, A and Chaliyawala, H and Siddhanta, S and Barshilia, Harish C (2016) Broadband quasi-omnidirectional sub-wavelength nanoporous antireflecting surfaces on glass substrate for solar energy harvesting applications. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 145. pp. 432-439. ISSN 09270248

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Abstract

A cost effective, facile and scalable method to fabricate the stable broadband antireflective (AR) surface on glass substrates for solar energy applications is still a challenge. In this paper, we have demonstrated a simple and non-lithographic method to fabricate the broadband quasi-omnidirectional AR nanoporous surface on glass substrates by hydrofluoric (HF) acid based vapor phase etching method. Both-sides etched sodalime glass substrate under optimized conditions showed broadband enhanced transmittance with maximum total transmittance of ~97% at 598 nm. The measured transmittance exceeds by ~5.4% as compared to plain glass (91.6%). Field emission scanning electron microscopy results showed that an AR nanoporous surface with graded porosity was formed on sodalime glass substrate after etching. Due to the graded porosity, the fabricated nanoporous surface on sodalime glass substrate showed excellent broadband enhanced transmittance, and exhibited low reflectance <2.8% over a wide range of incidence angles (8–48°). The mechanism of nanostructured surface formation and the effect of etching parameters on transmittance have been discussed in detail. To get more insight, the theoretical transmittance of the optimized sample has been determined by finite difference time domain simulation, which confirms a good agreement of AR property with the experimental results. Furthermore, these AR nanoporous surface showed good adhesion property, excellent thermal and chemical stability, and exhibited outstanding stability against outdoor exposure. These properties signify its strong potential in various solar energy devices.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
RENEWABLE ENERGY > Solar Energy
CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
Depositing User: Mrs SK Pratibha
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2018 08:32
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2018 08:32
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/12933

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