Effect of Axial Velocity Density Ratio on the Performance of a Controlled Diffusion Airfoil Compressor Cascade

Kumaran, S and Kamble, S and Swamy, KMM and Nagpurwala, QH and Bhat, A (2015) Effect of Axial Velocity Density Ratio on the Performance of a Controlled Diffusion Airfoil Compressor Cascade. International Journal of Turbo and Jet Engines. pp. 1-13. ISSN 2191-0332

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/tjj-2014-0036


Axial Velocity Density Ratio (AVDR) is an important parameter to check the two-dimensionality of cascade flows. It can have significant influence on the cascade performance and the secondary flow structure. In the present study, the effect of AVDR has been investigated on a highly loaded Controlled Diffusion airfoil compressor cascade. Detailed 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) studies were carried out with the cascade at five different AVDRs. Key aerodynamic performance parameters and flow structure through the cascade were analyzed in detail. CFD results of one AVDR were validated with the experimental cascade test data and were seen to be in good agreement. Loss characteristics of the cascade varied significantly with change in AVDR. Increase in AVDR postponed the point of separation on the suction surface, produced thinner boundary layers and caused substantial drop in the pressure loss coefficient. Strong end wall vortices were noticed at AVDR of 1.177. At higher AVDRs, the flow was well guided even close to the end wall and the secondary flows diminished. The loading initially improved with increase in AVDR. Beyond a certain limit, further increase in AVDR offered no improvements to the loading but rather resulted in drop in diffusion and deviation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright to this article belongs to M/s. De Gruyter
Uncontrolled Keywords: AVDR;Aerodynamic performance;Compressor cascade;Controlled diffusion airfoil;Secondary flow
Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2015 04:16
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2015 04:16
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/12405

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