Structural and mechanical properties of reactively sputtered TiAlC nanostructured hard coatings

Chaliyawala, HA and Gaurav, Gupta and Praveen, Kumar and Srinivas, G and Siju, John and Barshilia, Harish C (2015) Structural and mechanical properties of reactively sputtered TiAlC nanostructured hard coatings. Surface & Coatings Technology, 276. pp. 431-439. ISSN 0257-8972

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TiAlC nanostructured hard coatings have been deposited on Si(100) substrates by four-cathode reactive pulsed direct current unbalanced magnetron sputtering at various process conditions. The effects of Al and C on the compositional, mechanical and micro-structural properties of TiAlC coatings have been investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), micro-Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation hardness tester. Furthermore, the effect of substrate bias on the surface morphology, micro-structure and mechanical properties of TiAlC coatings is examined in detail. Formation of Ti3AlC(111) phase along with inclusion of TiC and amorphous carbon phases has been confirmed by XRD and micro-Raman spectroscopy studies. The optimized TiAlC coating exhibited a maximum hardness of ~ 30 GPa and elastic modulus of 288 GPa. Analysis of the nanoindentation data indicated that the resistance to plastic deformation (H3/E*2) and elastic strain to failure (H/E*) decrease with C and Al contents in the TiAlC coatings, whereas, these properties increase with an increase in the substrate bias due to grain size refinement. Lastly, fracture toughness of TiAlC coating has also been calculated using a cube corner indenter and the optimized coating exhibited a maximum toughness of ~ 1.38 MPa m1/2 at a load of 50 mN.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Titanium aluminum carbide; Magnetron sputtering; Hard coating; Bias voltage
Subjects: PHYSICS
Depositing User: Dr. Harish C. Barshilia
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2015 03:40
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 03:40

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