Analytical and experimental studies on ballistic impact behavior of 2D woven fabric composites

Pandya , KS and Veera Sesha Kumar, C and Nair, NS and Patil, PS and Naik, NK (2014) Analytical and experimental studies on ballistic impact behavior of 2D woven fabric composites. International Journal of Damage Mechanics. pp. 1-41.

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Abstract

A generalized analytical formulation is presented for the prediction of ballistic impact behavior of 2D woven fabric composite laminates impacted with a rigid cylindrical projectile. The formulation is valid for a wide range of laminate thicknesses. The formulation is based on stress wave propagation and energy balance between the projectile and the composite target. During the ballistic impact event, the energy lost by the projectile is absorbed by the target through various damage and energy absorbing mechanisms such as compression of the target directly below the projectile, compression in the region surrounding the impacted zone, shear plugging, stretching and tensile failure of yarns/layers in the region consisting of primary yarns, tensile deformation of yarns/layers in the region consisting of secondary yarns, conical deformation on the back face of the target, delamination, matrix cracking, and friction between the projectile and the target. The formulation presented considers both shear plugging and tensile failure during conical deformation. Solution procedure for the evaluation of ballistic impact performance is presented. Experimental validation is performed on the ballistic impact behavior of two types of composite specimens: 2D plain weave E-glass/epoxy and 2D 8H satin weave T300 carbon/epoxy. Typical results on ballistic limit velocity and energy absorbed by various mechanisms are presented.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ballistic impact, woven fabric composite, stress wave propagation, impact testing, shear plugging, conical deformation
Subjects: ENGINEERING > Structural Mechanics
Depositing User: C Veera Sesha Kumar
Date Deposited: 28 May 2014 08:26
Last Modified: 28 May 2014 08:26
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/11968

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