Structure, morphology and chemical composition of sputter deposited nanostructured Cr-WS2 solid lubricant coatings

Deepthi, B and Barshilia, Harish C and Rajam, KS and Konchady, Manohar and Pai, Devdas and Sankar , Jagannathan and Kvit, Alexander (2010) Structure, morphology and chemical composition of sputter deposited nanostructured Cr-WS2 solid lubricant coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 205 . pp. 565-574. ISSN 0257-8972

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    Abstract

    WS2 and Cr–WS2 nanocomposite coatings were deposited at different Cr contents (approximately 15–50 at. %) on silicon and mild steel substrates using an unbalanced magnetron sputtering system. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to study the structure of Cr–WS2 coatings and the bonding structure of the coatings was studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The characterization of different phases present in Cr–WS2 coatings was carried out using micro-Raman spectroscopy. The XPS and Raman data indicated the formation of a thin layer of WO3 on the surface of Cr–WS2 coatings and the intensity of the oxide phase decreased with an increase in the Cr content, which was also confirmed using energy-dispersive X-ray analysis results. The surface morphologies of WS2 and Cr–WS2 coatings were examined using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and atomic force microscopy. It has been demonstrated that incorporation of Cr in WS2 strongly influences the structure and morphology of Cr–WS2 coatings. The XRD and FESEM results suggested that increase in the Cr content of Cr–WS2 coatings resulted in a structural transition from a mixture of nanocrystalline and amorphous phases to a complete amorphous phase. The cross-sectional FESEM data of WS2 coating showed a porous and columnar microstructure. For the Cr–WS2 coatings, a mixture of columnar and featureless microstructure was observed at low Cr ontents (≤23 at.%),whereas, a dense and featureless microstructure was observed at high Cr contents. Detailed cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies of Cr–WS2 coatings prepared at Cr content ≤23 at.% indicated the presence of both nanocrystalline (near the interface) and amorphous phases (near the surface). Furthermore, high-resolution TEM data obtained from the nanocrystalline region showed inclusion of traces of amorphous phase in the nanocrystalline WS2 phase. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements indicated that the corrosion resistance of Cr–WS2 coatings was superior to that of the uncoated mild steel substrate and the corrosion rate decreased with an increase in the Cr content.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
    Division/Department: Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Other, Other, Other, Other
    Depositing User: Mr N Selvakumar
    Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2011 10:53
    Last Modified: 01 Aug 2011 10:53
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/9754

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