Optical properties and thermal stability of pulsed-sputter-deposited AlxOy/Al/AlxOy multilayer absorber coatings

Barshilia, Harish C and Selvakumar, N and Vignesh, G and Biswas, A (2009) Optical properties and thermal stability of pulsed-sputter-deposited AlxOy/Al/AlxOy multilayer absorber coatings. Soalr Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 93 (3). pp. 315-323.

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    Abstract

    Spectrally selective AlxOy/Al/AlxOy multilayer absorber coatings were deposited on copper (Cu) and molybdenum (Mo) substrates using a pulsed sputtering system. The Al targets were sputtered using asymmetric bipolar-pulsed DC generators in Ar+O2 and Ar plasmas to deposit an AlxOy/Al/AlxOy coating. The compositions and thicknesses of the individual component layers were optimized to achieve high solar absorptance (a ¼ 0.950–0.970) and low thermal emittance (e ¼ 0.05–0.08). The X-ray diffraction data in thin film mode showed an amorphous structure of the AlxOy/Al/AlxOy coating. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data of the AlxOy/Al/AlxOy multilayer absorber indicated that the AlxOy layers present in the coating were non-stoichiometric. The optical constants (n and k) of the multilayer absorber were determined from the spectroscopic ellipsometric data. Drude’s free-electron model was used for generating the theoretical dispersion of optical constants for Al films, while the Tauc–Lorentz model was used for modeling optical properties of the dielectric AlxOy layers. In order to study the thermal stability of the AlxOy/Al/AlxOy coatings, they were subjected to heat treatment (in air and vacuum) at different temperatures and durations. The multilayer absorber deposited on Cu substrates exhibited high solar selectivity (a/e) of 0.901/0.06 even after heat-treatment in air up to 400 1C for 2h. At 450 1C, the solar selectivity decreased significantly on Cu substrates (e.g., a/e ¼ 0.790/0.07). The coatings deposited on Mo substrates were thermally stable up to 800 1C in vacuum with a solar selectivity of 0.934/0.05. The structural stability of the absorber coatings heat treated in air (up to 400 1C) and vacuum (up to 800 1C) was confirmed by micro-Raman spectroscopymeasurements. Studies on the accelerated aging tests suggested that the absorber coatings on Cu were stable in air up to 75 h at 300 1C and the service lifetime of the multilayer absorber was predicted to be more than 25 years. Further, the activation energy for the degradation of the multilayer absorber heat treated for longer durations in air is of the order of 64 kJ/mol.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: AlxOy Aluminum oxide Optical properties Multilayer absorbers Pulsed sputtering Performance criterion
    Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
    Division/Department: Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Other
    Depositing User: Ms Indrani V
    Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 10:52
    Last Modified: 20 Jul 2011 10:52
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/9485

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