Modeling the effective properties and themomechanical behavior or SMA-SMP multifunctional composite lamintes

Chetan S, Jarali and Raja, S and Kiefer, Bjoern (2011) Modeling the effective properties and themomechanical behavior or SMA-SMP multifunctional composite lamintes. Polymer Composites, 32 (6). pp. 910-927.

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    Abstract

    The research work presents the modeling of effective properties and thermo-mechanical behavior of shape memory fiber (SMF) and shape memory polymer (SMP) composite laminates using micromechanical approaches based on the method of mixtures (MOM) and method of cells (MOC). The fiber is made of a nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) shape memory alloy (SMA), while the matrix consists of a shape memory thermoset epoxy polymer (SMP). The use of an SMP matrix provides large strain compatibility with the SMA fiber, while being active at high temperatures without losing its elastic properties. Additionally, the SMP matrix is also able to produce similar pseudoelastic and shape memory effects, which are noticed in SMAs. In the analysis, a two step homogenization scheme is followed. In the first step the effective properties of each layer are determined via a micromechanics approach with iso-strain conditions. In the second step the effective properties of the SMF-SMP composite are computed making a thin plate theory assumption, which takes into account the transverse shear deformations. The possible elastic couplings for SMF-SMP laminates are discussed, and the laminate force and moment resultants are computed for various laminate configurations. The analysis takes into account the effects of phase transformations and the resulting change in the fiber-matrix modulus. The results have been compared by considering different fiber volume fractions, temperatures, fiber orientations, and lamina stacking sequences. The results show that adaptive SMA-SMP composites laminates can be developed that provide shape controllability via tunable laminate stiffnesses leading to optimal response. Furthermore, the work presents the necessary framework for a reliable and efficient analysis of SMA-SMP laminates for practical applications. The theory can be directly used in established plate and shell formulations of finite element analysis. Finally, the variations in force and moment resultants with respect to fiber orientations and stacking sequences are presented, which are useful to study the bending and buckling characteristics of active composites for shape control of adaptive structures. The work concludes that efficient adaptive laminate development for high performance composite applications, exhibiting large shape adaptivity, high stresses, and increased stiffness, are feasible as compared to SMA composites without active matrix. POLYM. COMPOS., 32:910-927, 2011. (C) 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: SHAPE-MEMORY ALLOY; NITINOL-REINFORCED PLATES; HYBRID COMPOSITES; POLYMERS; ACTUATORS; FIBERS
    Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
    CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Composite Materials
    Division/Department: Structures Division, Structures Division, Other
    Depositing User: Ms Indrani V
    Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2011 11:25
    Last Modified: 22 Aug 2012 14:44
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/9214

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