Preparation of pyrochlore-free PMN powder by semi-wet chemical route

Panda, PK and Sahoo, B (2005) Preparation of pyrochlore-free PMN powder by semi-wet chemical route. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 93 (1). pp. 231-236. ISSN 0254-0584

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    Abstract

    Wet chemical route was used to prepare lead magnesium niobate (PMN)powders by both the direct and the quot;columbitequot; methods. The columbite (MgO.Nb2O5) phase was prepared by calcining a homogeneous mixture of magnesium oxalate and niobium oxide powder in the temperature range of 1000-1050 deg C Three different lead precursors, i.e., lead hydroxide, lead acetate and lead formate were investigated. In some cases, 3% excess MgO was also added. Pyrochlore-free PMN powder was obtained only in the case of formate precursors with 3% excess MgO processed via the columbite route. The phase pure powder was compacted, sintered at 1150 deg C for 2 h in a lead rich atmosphere and dielectric constant of the sintered body was measured. The dielectric constant was measured to be 10,335 at room temperature and at a frequency of 100 Hz. The maximum dielectric constant was found to be 79,100 at 4.18 MHz.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical reactions; Preparation; Lead niobates; Magnesium niobates;Powder technology; Wetness; Pyrochlores; Dielectric constant;Formates; Precursors; Oxalates; Lead acetates; Hydroxides; Magnesium;Niobium oxides; Roasting; Compacting
    Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Nonmetallic Materials
    Division/Department: Materials Science Division, Materials Science Division
    Depositing User: Ms Indrani V
    Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2005
    Last Modified: 03 May 2012 10:19
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/886

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