Corrosion resistance and Microstructure of electrodeposited nickel-cobalt alloy coatings

Srivastava, Meenu and Selvi, Ezhil V and William Grips, VK and Rajam, KS (2006) Corrosion resistance and Microstructure of electrodeposited nickel-cobalt alloy coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201 . pp. 3051-3060. ISSN 0257-8972

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    Abstract

    Ni-Co alloys with varying cobalt content were electrodeposited employing sulphamate electrolyte. The changes in microstructure and corrosion behaviour of electrodeposited nickel with respect to cobalt addition were studied. Scanning electron microscope, optical microscope and energy dispersive X ray analysis were used to characterize the alloy coatings. The alloy co-deposition was observed to be anomalous type. The cross-section microhardness measurement indicated that the hardness reached the maxima for a cobalt content of 50wt.% and then dropped with the increase in cobalt content. A correlation between microhardness and microstructure has been attempted. The optical micrographs indicated a change in microstructure from mixed columnar - fibrous to lamellar and finally to fibrous with increase in cobalt content. The X ray diffraction (XRD) studies indicated the crystal structure to be cubic for cobalt content in the range of 0 to 50wt. %. A transition to hexagonal structure was observed for a cobalt content of 70wt.% and beyond. A change in preferred orientation was also observed with respect to cobalt addition. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance studies were used to study the corrosion behaviour of Ni-Co alloys. The physical behaviour was quantified with equivalent circuit. These studies indicated that the Ni-20%Co alloy exhibited better corrosion resistance in comparison to other Ni-Co alloys, plain nickel and plain cobalt coatings irrespective of the substrate (mild steel, brass) employed for deposition.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Anomalous deposition, Ni-Co alloys, Polarization studies, Impedance measurement
    Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
    Division/Department: Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division
    Depositing User: Meenu Srivastava Meenu
    Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2010 10:08
    Last Modified: 07 May 2012 11:12
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/8563

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