Turbulence and noise suppression of a high-speed jet by water injection

Krothapalli, A and Venkatakrishnan, L and Lourenco, L and Greska, B (2003) Turbulence and noise suppression of a high-speed jet by water injection. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 491. pp. 131-159. ISSN 1469-7645

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Abstract

An experimental investigation has been carried out on a supersonic jet of air issuing from an M =1.44 convergingx2013;diverging rectangular nozzle of aspect ratio 4. Particle13; image velocimetry measurements of the flow field along with near-field acoustic measurements were made. The effect of injection of a small amount of water (x223C;5% of the mass flow rate of the jet) into the shear layer of the jet, on the unsteady flow structure and sound generation were examined. The presence of water droplets in the jet modified the turbulence structure significantly, resulting in axial and normal r.m.s.velocity reductions of about 10% and 30%, respectively, as compared to that of a13; normal jet. An even larger effect is found on the peak values of the turbulent shear stress with a reduction of up to 40%. The near-field noise levels (OASPL) were found13; to reduce by about 2x2013;6 dB depending on the location of the injection and the water mass flow rate. Far-field acoustic measurements carried out on a heated M =0.9 (jet13; exit velocity=525msx2212;1) jet show significant (6 dB) reductions in the OASPL with moderate amounts of water injection (17% of the mass flow rate of the jet) suggesting13; that the technique is viable at realistic engine operating conditions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Cambridge University Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: Supersonic;Jet noise;Suppression;Water injection
Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aerodynamics
Depositing User: Users 7 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 24 May 2010 04:09
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/719

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