Electroless deposition of Nix2013;Cux2013;P, Nix2013;Wx2013;P and Nix2013;Wx2013;Cux2013;P alloys

Balaraju, JN and Rajam, KS (2005) Electroless deposition of Nix2013;Cux2013;P, Nix2013;Wx2013;P and Nix2013;Wx2013;Cux2013;P alloys. Surface and Coatings Technology, 195 (2-3). pp. 154-161.

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Abstract

Interest in electroless plating of nickel-based ternary alloys has increased because of their excellent corrosion, wear, thermal and electrical resistance. They also possess good magnetic properties. In the present investigation, the effect of copper and tungsten in alkaline electroless nickel baths has been studied in depositing Nix2013;Cux2013;P and Nix2013;Wx2013;P alloys and also the synergistic effect of ions in depositing Nix2013;Wx2013;Cux2013;P alloys. Deposits were characterized using XRD, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDX) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. XRD results revealed that not much variation in structure and grain size has been found in Nix2013;Cux2013;P deposit. A decrease in phosphorus content and a marginal increase in grain size have been observed due to the tungsten addition in the Nix2013;P deposit. Addition of copper in Nix2013;Wx2013;P baths has resulted in a quaternary deposit, Nix2013;Wx2013;Cux2013;P, with increased crystallinity. SEM studies showed that presence of coarse nodules in ternary Nix2013;Cux2013;P and Nix2013;Wx2013;P deposits. Addition of copper in Nix2013;Wx2013;P baths has resulted in a very smooth deposit. Studies by AFM on deposits have proved that the copper has suppressed coarse nodules by inhibiting their growth in quaternary deposit. No considerable change in hardness has been noticed in both as-plated and heat-treated deposits due to the inclusion of copper in Nix2013;Wx2013;P deposit. A marginal improvement in corrosion resistance has been observed in quaternary alloy compared to ternary (Nix2013;Cux2013;P or Nix2013;Wx2013;P) alloys.

Item Type: Journal Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electroless Nix2013;P;Nix2013;Cux2013;P;Nix2013;Wx2013;P;Nix2013;Wx2013;Cux2013;P;AFM;Microhardness; Corrosion resistance
Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
Division/Department: Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division
Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2009
Last Modified: 24 May 2010 09:56
URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/5186

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