Effect of thermal aging on the crystal structural characteristics of TEFLON

Anjana, Jain and Vijayan, Kalyani (2007) Effect of thermal aging on the crystal structural characteristics of TEFLON. Polymer Engineering and Science, 47 (11). 1724 -1729.

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    Abstract

    The residual effects of cumulative thermal aging on the crystal structural characteristics of the fluoro carbon poly(tetra fluoro ethylene) (PTFE) have been studied by X-ray diffraction methods. The initial hexagonal arrangement of the PTFE chains in a 157 helical conformation is left unaffected by the exposures to temperatures (T), up to and beyond its melting point, Tm. The unit cell registers a residual anisotropic volume expansion. The anisotropy arises from the enhanced enlargement of the basal plane dimension a compared with the axial dimension c. Conformational changes contributing to the observed increase in the chain length have been examined. Enhancement of residual crystallinity of samples aged at T's lt; Tm suggests that the selective thermal aging could be used as an effective tool to improve the initial crystallinity of commercially available PTFE. The activation energy for 50% enhancement in initial crystallinity has been estimated as 53.9 kJ mol-1. Aging at 400xB0;C, a temperature above Tm, is accompanied by markedly different features viz., deterioration in crystallinity and other structural characteristics. The overall behavior of thermally aged PTFE bears a marked similarity to many polyamides.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: X-ray diffraction;Thermal aging;Polymeric materials
    Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
    CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
    Division/Department: Materials Science Division, Materials Science Division
    Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
    Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2009
    Last Modified: 22 Aug 2012 14:43
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/5138

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