Effect of electroless nickel interlayer on the electrochemical behavior of single layer CrN, TiN, TiAlN coatings and nanolayered TiAlN/CrN multilayer coatings prepared by reactive dc magnetron sputtering

William Grips, VK and Ezhil Selvi, V and Barshilia, Harish C and Rajam, KS (2005) Effect of electroless nickel interlayer on the electrochemical behavior of single layer CrN, TiN, TiAlN coatings and nanolayered TiAlN/CrN multilayer coatings prepared by reactive dc magnetron sputtering. Electrochimica Acta, 51 (17). pp. 3461-3468.

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    Abstract

    The electrochemical behavior of single layer TiN, CrN, TiAlN and multilayer TiAlN/CrN coatings, deposited on steel substrates using a multi-target reactive direct current (dc) magnetron sputtering process, was studied in 3.5% NaCl solution. The total thickness of the coatings was about 1.5 x3BC;m. About 0.5 x3BC;m thick chromium interlayer was used to improve adhesion of the coatings. With an aim to improve the corrosion resistance, an additional interlayer of approximately 5 x3BC;m thick electroless nickel (EN) was deposited on the substrate. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used to study the corrosion behavior of the coatings. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis were used to characterize the corroded samples. The potentiodynamic polarization tests showed lower corrosion current density and higher polarization resistance (Rp) for the coatings with EN interlayer. For example, the corrosion current density of TiN coated steel was decreased by a factor of 10 by incorporating 5 x3BC;m thick EN interlayer. Similarly, multilayer coatings of TiAlN/CrN with EN interlayer showed about 30 times improved corrosion resistance as compared to the multilayers without EN interlayer. The porosity values were calculated from the potentiodynamic polarization data. The Nyquist and the Bode plots obtained from the EIS data were fitted by appropriate equivalent circuits. The pore resistance (Rpore), the charge transfer resistance (Rct), the coating capacitance (Qcoat) and the double layer capacitance (Qdl) of the coatings were obtained from the equivalent circuit. Multilayer coatings showed higher Rpore and Rct values as compared to the single layer coatings. Similarly, the Qcoat and Qdl values decreased from uncoated substrate to the multilayer coatings, indicating a decrease in the defect density by the addition of EN interlayer. These studies were confirmed by examining the corroded samples under scanning electron microscopy. 13; 13;

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Polarization studies;Electrochemical impedance;Electroless nickel interlayer;PVD coatings; Sputtering
    Subjects: PHYSICS > Solid-State Physics
    AERONAUTICS > Aerodynamics
    Division/Department: Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division
    Depositing User: Mrs Neetu Chandra
    Date Deposited: 19 May 2006
    Last Modified: 03 May 2012 16:04
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/1474

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