Deposition and Evaluation of Mn-Co Oxide Protective Sputtered Coating on SOFC Interconnects and Current Collectors

Senthil Kumar, S and Nalluri, A and Anandan, C and Shri Prakash , B and Aruna, ST (2016) Deposition and Evaluation of Mn-Co Oxide Protective Sputtered Coating on SOFC Interconnects and Current Collectors. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163 (8). F1-F8. ISSN 0013-4651

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    Abstract

    Ferritic stainless steel (FSS) is a prospective interconnect material for use in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). However, the performance of the metallic interconnect deteriorates in the typical operating condition of SOFC due to oxide scale growth. To overcome this problem, Mn-Co oxide has been investigated as a protective coating for SOFC bi-polar plates. Similarly, protective oxide coated FSS mesh has been fabricated and explored for cathode current collection to replace the expensive Pt mesh. In the present study, Mn-Co oxide coating has been developed by sputtering technique using target fabricated by uniaxial pressing of solution combustion synthesized powder. The synthesized powder has been characterized for particle size, composition and morphology. The target is also characterized for phase and crystal structure. Sputtering conditions are optimized to get an adherent coating on SS430 substrates and meshes. The coating displays good oxidation resistance with reasonable electrical conductivity. Significant improvement in oxidation resistance is observed for the sputtered Co-Mn perovskite type oxide coating. Co-efficient of thermal expansion of the formed perovskite phase is established. Further, the stability of Co-Mn perovskite oxide phase after 72 h of oxidation is investigated by analyzing the phase. The current collector mesh with protective coating exhibits a stable area specific resistance (ASR) indicating the potential of this coating for wide range of SOFC applications including Intermediate Temperature (IT) SOFC. Also, the present work establishes solution combustion method as a viable approach to prepare targets for sputtering.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Additional Information: Copyright to this article belongs to M/s. ECS - Electrochemical Society
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Current collectors;Interconnect;Protective coating;Spinel; Sputtering
    Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
    CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
    Division/Department: Surface Engineering Division, Other, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division, Surface Engineering Division
    Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
    Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 15:48
    Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 15:48
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/12484

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