Facile synthesis of stereoregular carbon fiber precursor polymers by template assisted solid phase polymerization

Krishnan, GS and Burkanudeen, A and Murali, N and Phadnis, H (2012) Facile synthesis of stereoregular carbon fiber precursor polymers by template assisted solid phase polymerization. eXPRESS Polymer Letters, 6 (9). pp. 729-738. ISSN 1788-618X

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    Predominantly isotactic stereoregular polyacrylonitrile copolymers (PAC) were prepared by solid phase polymerization techniques using hexagonal crystalline metal salts as template compounds. Stereoregular distributions of the prepared polymer were studied using high resolution 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (13C NMR) spectra. The extent of isotacticity was directly determined from the peak intensity of the methine carbon (CH). The triad tacticity from the intensities of methine carbon peaks were examined by statistical methods. It was found that the PAC was predominantly isotactic in stereoregularity, and its sequence distribution obeys Bernoulli statistics. The optimum polymerization conditions ensuring isotactic content over 50% were disclosed experimentally. The chemical composition of PAC was confirmed with 1H NMR data. The obtained polyacrylonitrile copolymers were also characterized for molecular parameters such as viscosity average molecular weight (Mv), number average molecular weight (Mn), weight average molecular weight (Mw) and polydispersity index.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Additional Information: Copyright to this article belongs to M/s. eXPRESS Polymer
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Polymer synthesis;Polyacrylonitrile copolymer;NMR; Stereoregularity;Molecular weight distribution
    Subjects: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS > Chemistry and Materials (General)
    Division/Department: Materials Science Division, Other, Materials Science Division, Other
    Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
    Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2013 10:05
    Last Modified: 16 Sep 2013 10:05
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/11763

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