History of Powered Flight

Kodanda, B and Pai, BR (2003) History of Powered Flight. Project Report. CSIR-NAL, Bangalore.

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    Abstract

    It is easy to invent a flying machine; more difficult to build one; to make it fly is everything. These words of Otto Lilienthal (1848–1898) bear testimony that modern aviation is a result of efforts of thousands of people over a very long period of time and is in a constant state of evolution. History was made on December 17, 1903 on the wind-swept sand dunes of Kitty Hawk (North Carolina), when the Wright brothers made the first powered heavier-than-air airplane flight with a degree of control. This report commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Wright brothers' first flight, attempts to highlight the untiring efforts of people in aviation history. The significance of these early efforts to fly from Geroge Caley’s glider to the latest Airbus 380 and the development of aviation in India from JRD Tata’s pioneering efforts to the indigenous development programmes of a 2 seater light plane (Hansa), a 14 seater light transport multi-role aircraft (Saras), the Light Combat Aircraft (Tejas) and the Advanced Light Helicopter (Dhruv) are touched upon. In brief, it traces the formative and the recent years of aviation. It spans the period from 1890 through Wright brother’s impact, first passenger airplanes, engine development when the pilots competed for air races to the present scenario, when any point on earth can be reached in only a few hours by air.

    Item Type: Proj.Doc/Technical Report (Project Report)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Gliders, biplane, Wright flyer, Powered flight, Monocoque construction, Air transport, Engine development, Jet propulsion, Indian Aviation
    Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
    Division/Department: Centre for Civil Aircraft Design and Development, Other
    Depositing User: Kodanda B
    Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2013 16:09
    Last Modified: 30 Apr 2013 16:09
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/11608

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