Electroless ternary Ni-W-P alloys containing micron size Al2O3 particles

Balaraju, JN and Kalavati, -- and Rajam, KS (2010) Electroless ternary Ni-W-P alloys containing micron size Al2O3 particles. Surface and Coatings Technology, 205 . pp. 575-581. ISSN 0257-8972

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    Abstract

    In the present investigation electroless ternary NiWP–Al2O3 composite coatings were prepared using an electroless nickel bath. Second phase alumina particles (1 μm) were used to codeposit in the NiWP matrix. Nanocrystalline ternary NiWP alloys and composite coatings were obtained using an alkaline citrate based bath which was operated at pH 9 and temperature at 88±2 °C. Mild steel was used as a substrate material and deposition was carried out for about 4 h to get a coating thickness of 25±3 μm. Metallographic cross sections were prepared to find out the coating thickness and also the uniform distribution of the aluminum oxide particles in NiWP matrix. Surface analysis carried out on both the coatings using scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed that particle incorporation in ternary NiWP matrix has increased the nodularity of composite coatings compared to fine nodular NiWP deposits. Elemental analysis of energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) results showed that codeposited P and W elements in plain NiWP deposit were 13 and 1.2 wt.%, respectively. There was a decrease in P content from 13 to 10 wt.% with a marginal variation in the incorporated W (1.01 wt.%) due to the codeposition of aluminum oxide particles in NiWP matrix. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies carried out on as-plated deposits showed that both the deposits are X-ray amorphous with a grain size of around 3 nm. Phase transformation studies carried out on both the coatings showed that composite coatings exhibited better thermal stability compared to plain NiWP deposits. From the XRD studies it was found that metastable phases such as NiP and Ni5P2 present in the composite coatings heat treated at major exothermic peak temperature. Annealed composite coatings at various temperatures revealed higher microhardness values compared to plain NiWP deposits.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s. Elsevier BV
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Electroless nickel;Ternary NiWP;Al2O3;Composite
    Subjects: AERONAUTICS > Aeronautics (General)
    Division/Department: Surface Engineering Division, Materials Science Division, Surface Engineering Division
    Depositing User: Ms. Alphones Mary
    Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2012 13:49
    Last Modified: 13 Mar 2012 13:49
    URI: http://nal-ir.nal.res.in/id/eprint/10382

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